Bent Knees and Raised Fists

Because Sports Are Politics

Further Reading

Research is to see what everybody else has seen, and to think what nobody else has thought. –Albert Szent-Gyorgyi

Liverpool Football Club: Where Red is the Color of Politics

“Why Liverpool Fans’ Big Political Statements are Totally Justified Before UK General Election” by Daniel Austin https://www.liverpool.com/liverpool-fc-news/features/liverpool-fans-jeremy-corbyn-labour-17401481

“Liverpool are a Long Way from Socialism These Days” by Ken Early https://www.irishtimes.com/sport/soccer/ken-early-liverpool-are-a-long-way-from-socialism-these-days-1.3074829

“Liverpool’s Rebirth: Poverty is Never Far Away” by Jo Thomas https://www.nytimes.com/1985/10/17/world/liverpool-s-rebirth-poverty-is-never-far-away.html

The Invisible Hand of MMA Face Punching (Part 2)

“10 MMA Fighters Who Squandered Their Natural Talent” by Jeffrey McKinney https://bleacherreport.com/articles/941288-10-mma-fighters-who-squandered-their-natural-talent#slide8

“Dana White is Done with Cyborg Justino: ‘Have a Nice Life’” by Michael Blinn https://nypost.com/2019/08/08/dana-white-is-done-with-cyborg-justino-have-a-nice-life/

“Coldwater’s Dan Severn to be Inducted into National Wrestling Hall of Fame” by Troy Tennyson https://www.thedailyreporter.com/news/20190114/coldwaters-dan-severn-to-be-inducted-into-national-wrestling-hall-of-fame

Rooting for the Laundry… with Prejudice!

“The Astros’ Cheating Scandal Rewrites a Decade of Baseball History” by Jeremy Venook https://www.theatlantic.com/culture/archive/2020/01/the-astros-scandal-rewrites-a-decade-of-mlb-history/605185/

“Eight Myths Out: The Black Sox Scandal” https://sabr.org/eight-myths-out

“15 Olympic Athletes who have Been Caught Cheating” by Edith Hancock https://www.businessinsider.com/olympic-athletes-who-have-been-caught-cheating-2016-8

The Invisible Hand of MMA Face Punching (Part 1)

“Do Win Bonuses Incentivize MMA Fighters to Give Their All – Or Play it Safe?” by Ben Fowlkes https://mmajunkie.usatoday.com/2018/03/joe-rogan-ufc-win-bonus-contract-fight-purses-incentive-fighters-play-it-safe

“UFC Fighters Say Low Pay Simply Brutal” by John Barr and Josh Gross https://www.espn.com/espn/otl/story/_/page/UFCpay/ufc-fighters-say-low-pay-most-painful-hit-all

“Randy Couture Still Lobbying for Changes in Ali Act to Add MMA Fighters to Mix” by Farah Hannoun and Ken Hathaway https://mmajunkie.usatoday.com/2019/09/randy-couture-lobbying-for-ali-act-ufc-bellator-lopsided-power-video

From Walter O’Malley to Rob Manfred-Bernie’s Baseball Journey

“Bernie Sanders Q&A: Inside His Fight to Protect Minor League Baseball” by Michael Shapiro https://www.si.com/mlb/2019/12/16/bernie-sanders-minor-league-baseball

“‘Ripping a Community Apart’: Minor-league Franchises on the Chopping Block Ready to Fight MLB’s Proposal” by Gabe Lacques https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/mlb/2019/12/10/mlb-winter-meetings-minor-league-contraction/4382518002/

“Who’s Really to Blame for Dodgers Leaving Brooklyn?” by Richard Brownell https://www.realclearhistory.com/historiat/2018/05/30/whos_really_to_blame_for_dodgers_leaving_brooklyn_316.html

Raised Fists and Olympic Myopia: The IOC and the Hypocrisy of the 2020 Protest Ban

“Tommie Smith, John Carlos Inducted Into the Olympic Hall of Fame” by Katherine Fung https://www.wnyc.org/story/tommie-smith-john-carlos-inducted-olympic-hall-fame/

“Jesse Owens & Athletes Who Protest (or Don’t)” by Rhonda Evans https://www.nypl.org/blog/2017/09/12/jesse-owens-protest

“Corruption is Killing the Olympic Games — Or Should” by Charles Lane https://nypost.com/2016/05/21/corruption-is-killing-the-olympic-games-or-should/

Broadcasting Bias: The Persistence of On-Air Racism

“Baseball Therapy: Is There Really Racism in the Broadcast Booth?” by Russell Carleton https://www.baseballprospectus.com/news/article/18229/baseball-therapy-is-there-really-racism-in-the-broadcast-booth/

“Tony Dungy: Some Announcers’ Biased Language Perpetuates Black QB Stereotypes” by William C. Rhoden https://theundefeated.com/features/tony-dungy-some-announcers-biased-language-perpetuates-black-qb-stereotypes/

“Nice Try, Richard Sherman, But Racist Comments Are Racist Comments In Sports” by Terence Moore https://www.forbes.com/sites/terencemoore/2019/12/06/nice-try-richard-sherman-but-racist-comments-are-racist-comments-in-sports/#a8058743c140

LeBron Misses From Wide Open

“LeBron James No longer King James for Hong Kong protesters” by John Leicester https://apnews.com/749af77ef6b64376ac11da5358092307

“China and the NBA Are Coming to Blows Over a Pro-Hong Kong Tweet. Here’s Why.” by Rosie Perper https://www.businessinsider.com/nba-china-feud-timeline-daryl-morey-tweet-hong-kong-protests-2019-10

“How Hong Kong’s Complex History Explains its Current Crisis With China” by Erin Blakemore https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/topics/reference/hong-kong-history-explain-relationship-china/

Paying For the Seat Before You Buy the Ticket: Stadium Subsidies

“Your City Should Say ‘No’ To Stadium Subsidies and ‘Yes’ To Money Fires” by Art Carden https://www.forbes.com/sites/artcarden/2019/02/03/your-city-should-say-no-to-stadium-subsidies-and-yes-to-money-fires/#3cd94ec67679

“The Hidden Costs of Stadium Subsidies” by Michael Farren https://medium.com/concentrated-benefits/the-hidden-costs-of-stadium-subsidies-fbc079f335f3

“Sports, Jobs, & Taxes: Are New Stadiums Worth the Cost?” by Andrew Zimbalist & Roger G. Noll https://www.brookings.edu/articles/sports-jobs-taxes-are-new-stadiums-worth-the-cost/

The Bass Siren: How the U.S. Government Took On Paul Robeson

“Why Paul Robeson Was Labelled a Psychopath” by Matthew Wills https://daily.jstor.org/why-paul-robeson-was-labelled-a-psychopath/

“Paul Robeson Day Celebrated At Rutgers Football Game” by Cyril Josh Barker http://amsterdamnews.com/news/2019/sep/26/paul-robeson-day-celebrated-rutgers-football-game/

“Jackie Robinson Versus Paul Robeson: A Double Play for the Ages” by Peter Feuerherd https://daily.jstor.org/jackie-robinson-v-paul-robeson-a-double-play-for-the-ages/

Baseball’s Silent Stakeholders-A Proposal for Organizing Fans

“‘How Interested Are You Right Now?’ Attendance, Changing Fandom and the Health of Major League Baseball” by Evan Drellich https://theathletic.com/1266088/2019/10/10/how-interested-are-you-right-now-attendance-changing-fandom-and-the-health-of-major-league-baseball/

“The “Who Owns the Baseball” Issue Just Will Not Go Away” by J. Gordon Hylton https://law.marquette.edu/facultyblog/2009/10/the-who-owns-the-baseball%E2%80%9D-issue-just-will-not-go-away/

“Baseball Fans Reach Settlement Over MLB Telecasts on Verge of Antitrust Trial” by Eriq Gardner https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/thr-esq/baseball-fans-reach-settlement-mlb-857077

The Fast Spreading Plague of Racism in Football

“‘Black Friday’ Headline Is Condemned by Stars of Italian Soccer” by Elisabetta Povoledo https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/06/world/europe/black-friday-italy-soccer.html

“Dutch Soccer Set for Widespread Protests Against Racism” by Ben Church https://www.cnn.com/2019/11/22/football/dutch-football-racism-protests-spt-intl/index.html

“A Youth Soccer Team in Italy Said it Would Stand Against Racism- By Plying its Next Game in Black Face” by Jacob Bogage https://www.washingtonpost.com/sports/2019/11/06/youth-soccer-team-italy-said-it-would-stand-against-racism-by-playing-its-next-game-blackface/

The Hidden Ethics of Combat Sports

“A Brief History of Boxing” http://bbbofc.com/content/history-boxing

“Why Do Humans Like Combat Sports: Well at least Why I Like Them…” by Angelo Baaco https://medium.com/@BaacoA/why-do-humans-like-combat-sports-540affd51fdb

“New York Ends Ban and Becomes 50th State to Legalize Mixed Martial Arts” by Bryan Armen Graham https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2016/mar/22/new-york-legalizes-mma-ufc

Rotten Apples: A Brief History of Nefarious Owners in New York Baseball History

“When the Feds Went After the Hedge-Fund Legend Steven A. Cohen” by Sheelah Kolhatkar https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/01/16/when-the-feds-went-after-the-hedge-fund-legend-steven-a-cohen

“Baseball and Tammany Hall” by Tony Morante https://sabr.org/research/baseball-and-tammany-hall

“Steinbrenner Pardoned by Reagan For ’72 Election Law Violations” by Julie Johnson https://www.nytimes.com/1989/01/20/us/steinbrenner-pardoned-by-reagan-for-72-election-law-violations.html

Broken Heroes: Domestic Violence in Professional Sports

“Astros Staffer’s Outburst at Female Reporters Illustrates MLB’s Forgive-and-Forget Attitude Toward Domestic Violence” by Stephanie Apstein https://www.si.com/mlb/2019/10/22/houston-astros-roberto-osuna-suspension

“Domestic Violence and the NFL: A Sampling of Players Who Have Been Charged” by Paul Vigna https://www.pennlive.com/news/erry-2018/07/5705c996636274/nfl-players-arrested-for-viole.html

“Pacers star Victor Oladipo surprises domestic violence survivor with car” by Jill Martin https://www.cnn.com/2018/12/24/sport/nba-star-gives-away-car/index.html

The Political Star Power of Athletes in Asia

“Why Pakistan’s Islamists Aren’t the Real Problem for Imran Khan” by Tom Hussain https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/explained/article/3036566/why-pakistans-islamists-arent-real-problem-imran-khan

“Navjot Singh Sidhu Back in Action: Meets Supporters, Says Not Quitting Congress,” https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/navjot-singh-sidhu-back-action-meets-supporters-not-quitting-congress-1573108-2019-07-24

“Here’s Why We Still Root for Pacquiao Despite His Shitty Politics,” by Lex Celera https://www.vice.com/en_asia/article/mb88q8/psychology-manny-pacquiao-boxer-politician

Made to Play the Game

“12 Pro Athletes Who Became Successful Politicians” by Corey Nachman https://www.businessinsider.com/12-professional-athletes-turned-politicians-2011-5

“The Backup Career: Not Quite Olympic Athletes Turned Politicians” by Joan Greve https://www.pbs.org/weta/washingtonweek/blog-post/athletes-turned-politicians-olympics

“9 Professional Athletes Who Became Politicians” by Dan Stewart https://theweek.com/articles/457913/9-professional-athletes-who-became-politicians

Growing Class Awareness and the Future of MLB

“As You Try to Make Ends Meet – Here’s a Look At MLB Salaries Entering 2019” https://www.kbtx.com/content/sports/As-you-try-to-make-ends-meet—heres-a-look-at-MLB-salaries-entering-2019-507815191.html

“Huge Contracts and Big Concerns. What’s Going on With MLB Salaries?” by Jeff Passan https://www.espn.com/mlb/story/_/id/26408949/huge-contracts-big-concerns-going-mlb-salaries

“For a Mike Trout, M.L.B. Flaunts Its Wealth. Average Players Reap Austerity” by Kevin Draper https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/20/sports/mike-trout-mlb-salaries.html

Why Does it Always Have to Be About Race?

“Colin Kaepernick Refused to Bend to Roger Goodell’s Will” by Dave Zirin https://www.thenation.com/article/colin-kaepernick-tryout/

“From Louis Armstrong to the N.F.L.: Ungrateful as the New Uppity” by Jelani Cobb https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/from-louis-armstrong-to-the-nfl-ungrateful-as-the-new-uppity

“To Shut Up and Dribble or Not? Bryant, Davis Discuss Black Athlete Activism” by Brendon Kleen https://globalsportmatters.com/culture/2019/04/10/to-shut-up-and-dribble-or-not-bryant-davis-discuss-black-athlete-activism/

Giving Athletes: Why Sports Philanthropy Deserves Our Attention

“10 Current Athletes Who Are Ridiculously Charitable” by Chris Roling https://bleacherreport.com/articles/2656316-10-current-athletes-who-are-ridiculously-charitable

“Cristiano Ronaldo Tops List of World’s Most Charitable Sports Stars” https://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/players/cristiano-ronaldo/11808787/Cristiano-Ronaldo-tops-list-of-worlds-most-charitable-sports-stars.html

“Alex Rodriguez’s Charity Raised $403K in 2006 but Donated Only $5K” by Marc Weinreich https://www.si.com/si-wire/2013/02/27/alex-rodriguez-charity-foundation-yankees

Pennies In the Bushes

“Union Head Praises Jays for Raising Minor League Pay by Half” by Jake Seiner https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/mlb/2019/03/18/union-head-praises-jays-for-raising-minor-league-pay-by-half/39219047/

“Fight Against Low, Low Pay In Minor League Baseball Continues Despite New Obstacles” by Tom Goldman https://www.npr.org/2018/08/03/635373608/fight-against-low-low-pay-in-minor-league-baseball-continues-despite-new-obstacl

“Across the Country, Minor League Towns Face Major League Threat” by Dan Barry https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/16/sports/minor-league-baseball.html

Hockey Isn’t for Everyone–But it Should Be

“A Conversation With Brock McGillis on Homophobia in Hockey,” podcast by Jashvina Shah https://player.fm/series/stick-to-sports/episode-34-a-conversation-with-brock-mcgillis-on-homophobia-in-hockey

“New Research Offers Insights Into What Keeps Gay Hockey Players from Coming Out,” by Michael Brown https://www.folio.ca/new-research-offers-insights-into-what-keeps-gay-hockey-players-from-coming-out/

“The NHL thinks it’s ready for its first publicly out player. It’s not,” by Andrew https://medium.com/@millvsSPQR/the-nhl-thinks-its-ready-for-its-first-publicly-out-player-it-s-not-47556c49be8c

Lost Seasons

“The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching: American College Athletics” by Howard J. Savage http://archive.carnegiefoundation.org/pdfs/elibrary/American_College_Athletics.pdf

“NCAA Not Playing Fair in Parceling Out Sanctions” by Jordan Daniel https://www.baylor.edu/lariatarchives/news.php?action=story&story=38763

“Penn State Abuse Scandal: A Guide And Timeline” by Bill Chappell https://www.npr.org/2011/11/08/142111804/penn-state-abuse-scandal-a-guide-and-timeline

The Highest Honor

“The White House Just Hosted Another Men’s Sports Team. Why Not Women’s Teams?” by David Nakamura https://www.chicagotribune.com/sports/ct-spt-white-house-hosting-womens-teams-20190304-story.html

“Sports Teams Court Controversy Over Visiting Trump in White House” by Brett Samuels https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/390826-what-sports-teams-have-gone-to-the-white-house-since-trump-took

“A Brief History of Jerseys Presented to Presidents” by Paul Lukas https://uni-watch.com/2017/07/07/a-brief-history-of-jerseys-presented-to-presidents/

Sports and Politics Don’t Mix

“Here’s How Nate Boyer Got Colin Kaepernick to Go from Sitting to Kneeling” by Will Brinson https://www.cbssports.com/nfl/news/heres-how-nate-boyer-got-colin-kaepernick-to-go-from-sitting-to-kneeling/

“Muhammad Ali—Boxer, Activist and Provocateur—Dead at 74” by Richard Hoffer https://www.si.com/boxing/2016/06/04/muhammad-ali-death-obit

“Jackie Robinson Fought for a Racially Inclusive GOP” by Michael G. Long https://www.chicagotribune.com/opinion/commentary/ct-perspec-jackie-robinson-100-politics-mlk-nixon-0131-20190130-story.html

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